This, That, These, Those

February 6, 2024
Featured image for “This, That, These, Those”

Hello, everyone! Today, let’s explore a key part of English that will help you talk about the world around you more easily: using “this,” “that,” “these,” and “those.” These words help us point out which person, place, or thing we’re talking about, especially when it comes to how close or far away they are. Let’s dive in with examples you might find cool and relevant.

1. “This” and “That” with One Thing

  • “This” is for something that is right by you. Imagine you’re at a lively market and spot an eye-catching gadget. You’d say, “This gadget is amazing.”
  • “That” is for something not near you. Seeing a stylish motorcycle on the other side of the road, you might say, “That motorcycle looks awesome.”

2. “These” and “Those” with More Than One Thing

  • “These” talks about several things close to you. If you’re flipping through your photos showing a recent desert adventure, you’d say, “These are my adventures.”
  • “Those” is for several things far from you. Watching a group of camels in the distance, you might say, “Those camels seem majestic.”

3. “This” and “These” for Things Close By

  • When something is happening right now or very soon, use “this” for one thing and “these” for many. Cheering at a soccer game, you’d say, “This game is thrilling!” If you’re holding tickets to a much-awaited concert, you’d say, “These tickets are for the concert tonight.”

4. “That” and “Those” for Things Far Away or Not Here Now

  • For things that are not near or happening later, “that” for one thing and “those” for many works best. Spotting someone with a unique hat in a crowd, you might ask, “Who’s that person with the funky hat?” Seeing vintage cars, you’d say, “Those cars are classic beauties.”

5. “This” for Now or Soon

  • “This” is perfect for the present or very near future. Watching an intense football match, you might say, “This match is so intense.” Sharing a recent funny moment, you’d say, “This story will make you laugh. It happened just last weekend.”

6. “That” for the Past

  • Use “that” for things that have happened already. After a trip to a beautiful beach, you might reflect, “That was a peaceful day at the beach.” If a sudden noise made you jump earlier, you might wonder, “What was that noise?”

7. Agreeing or Adding to a Conversation

  • “That” is useful for agreeing or expanding on what someone else said. If a friend dreams of traveling the world, you might say, “That’s an amazing dream.”

8. Using Pronouns by Themselves

  • Often, we use “this,” “that,” “these,” and “those” without adding a noun, especially when it’s clear what we’re talking about. Showing a photo on your phone, you might say, “This is when I went sandboarding.” Pointing out people at a party, “Those are my friends from college.”

Remember, we often shorten “that is” to “that’s,” but there’s no short form for “this is,” “these are,” or “those are.”

Summary

WordNumberDistance/TimeExample Usage
ThisSingularClose (in distance or time)“This gadget is amazing.” (Close by)
“This game is thrilling!” (Happening now)
“This story will make you laugh.” (Very recent)
ThatSingularFar (in distance or time)“That motorcycle looks awesome.” (Far away)
“Who’s that person with the funky hat?” (Not near) 
“That was a peaceful day at the beach.” (In the past)
ThesePluralClose (in distance or time)“These are my adventures.” (Close by) 
“These tickets are for the concert tonight.” (Happening soon)
ThosePluralFar (in distance or time)“Those camels seem majestic.” (Far away) 
“Those cars are classic beauties.” (Not here now)

Understanding how to use “this,” “that,” “these,” and “those” will make your English clearer and help you share your experiences and stories more vividly. Whether it’s people, places, or things, these words let you show how near or far, or how recent or past something is, adding color to your conversations. Keep practicing, and you’ll master this in no time!

Instructions:

  • Choose the correct answer for each question.
  • Each question is designed to test your understanding of the demonstratives: “this, that, these, those”.
  • Read each sentence carefully and select the option that correctly fills in the blank.

Questions:

  1. __________ is the new electric car model that can travel up to 500 kilometers on a single charge.
    • A) This
    • B) That
    • C) These
    • D) Those
  2. Have you heard about __________ new café in the city center? It’s themed around classic Arabic literature.
    • A) this
    • B) that
    • C) these
    • D) those
  3. __________ are the smartphones announced last week, featuring groundbreaking camera technology.
    • A) This
    • B) That
    • C) These
    • D) Those
  4. __________ historic fort, located near the coast, is a popular tourist attraction in Oman.
    • A) This
    • B) That
    • C) These
    • D) Those
  5. I can’t decide which of __________ traditional dishes to try first at the food festival.
    • A) this
    • B) that
    • C) these
    • D) those
  6. __________ online course on artificial intelligence looks quite interesting.
    • A) This
    • B) That
    • C) These
    • D) Those
  7. Did you see __________ viral video about solar energy innovations in the UAE?
    • A) this
    • B) that
    • C) these
    • D) those
  8. __________ are the famous sand dunes where the annual desert safari takes place.
    • A) This
    • B) That
    • C) These
    • D) Those
  9. __________ traditional market is where artisans from all over the KSA come to sell their handmade goods.
    • A) This
    • B) That
    • C) These
    • D) Those
  10. How do you feel about __________ upcoming concert by the popular Omani indie band?
    • A) this
    • B) that
    • C) these
    • D) those
  11. __________ latest social media app has become incredibly popular among young adults for its unique privacy features.
    • A) This
    • B) That
    • C) These
    • D) Those
  12. __________ traditional perfumes you find in local markets are made using centuries-old methods.
    • A) This
    • B) That
    • C) These
    • D) Those
  13. __________ is the new gallery showcasing contemporary art from across the Middle East.
    • A) This
    • B) That
    • C) These
    • D) Those
  14. Have you been to __________ beach on the east coast? It’s known for its clear waters and coral reefs.
    • A) this
    • B) that
    • C) these
    • D) those
  15. __________ are the latest models of electric scooters suitable for city commuting.
    • A) This
    • B) That
    • C) These
    • D) Those
  16. __________ documentary about renewable energy sources in the Gulf region is quite enlightening.
    • A) This
    • B) That
    • C) These
    • D) Those
  17. Can you believe __________ skyscraper will be the tallest in the world once completed?
    • A) this
    • B) that
    • C) these
    • D) those
  18. __________ are the apps recommended for learning new languages, including Arabic.
    • A) This
    • B) That
    • C) These
    • D) Those
  19. __________ is the famous oasis in Saudi Arabia, known for its date palm trees.
    • A) This
    • B) That
    • C) These
    • D) Those
  20. Have you tried __________ new types of dates introduced at the local market?
    • A) this
    • B) that
    • C) these
    • D) those

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